It is depressing to see the statistics on Statkraft.no and Electricity map and NVE.no, and all the other Norwegian and international pages about power production, power production, and power exchange. Norway now has the most expensive power prices in Europe. The electricity companies in Denmark, Germany, and the Netherlands export their power to Norway since they can sell it more expensive here.
As you can see from the color codes, it is by no means pure, green power, but dirty and brown, so that with the most expensive power in Europe we also get a carbon footprint of 188 g per kWh. The power companies and power customers abroad make money from the fact that they have previously been able to buy Norwegian power cheaper, and can now sell their power more expensively. It is Norwegian electricity customers who lose, we who before could buy our own power cheaply, now buy foreign power expensively.
Power exchange vs export
Power exchange is quite wise. In Norway, we are self-sufficient with green hydropower. If we are just a little extra frugal in difficult years, then we would have managed our energy needs without problems. In 9 out of 10 years, we have a comfortable surplus of approximately 10 TWh based on hydropower alone. With simple measures such as energy efficiency in public buildings and upgrading of old hydropower plants, we would get further profits.
In the old system, we exchanged power with the other Nordic countries, where Sweden also has a lot of hydropower, but where they have also developed some nuclear power and some gas and oil, to stabilize the power supply in special years, where there is little inflow of water in the reservoirs. Security of supply in Norway has been guaranteed since the third international cable to Denmark in 1993 [just where Apple decided to build its European datacenter due to the green energy from Norway (!)].
This has given us a competitive advantage in the industry and has been absolutely crucial in our efforts and success in building one of the very, very best welfare societies in the whole world. Due to cheap access to the basic product; energy, we have been able to combine high wages with good competitiveness.
From 1990 the power supply was not politically controlled anymore, it was left for the market to control.
The development has been instructive, to put it in an appropriate, non-adequate word. The market-driven energy policy, have over the years recruited people to the energy companies who think only about market and money, earnings, and profitability, and who completely forget the power companies’ real goal: To supply society with cheap, predictable, stable electric power for the god of all of society.
We had this. Now it’s given away. We have replaced the old system of power exchange for the security of supply with power export for profitability. Electric power has become a commodity, where it used to be basic goods and the foundation of the welfare state.
It is this greed that has now gotten us to where we are now. That is why Norwegian energy policy must change.